Developing the concept of Tallinn as a smart city (City of Tallinn/European Commission)

The aim of the project was to carry out a sectoral description of Tallinn as a smart city, to carry out an international comparative analysis and to compile a model for the ex-ante evaluation of future innovation projects. The keywords used to express both the technological and social aspects of a smart city, such as digital, virtual, creative, learning, humane, all-encompassing, knowledge-based, open, competitive, problem-solving, inventive and intelligent, were used.

Based on analysis of secondary sources and expert interviews, the study answered the following questions:

  • What is the current situation in the field of smart city development in Tallinn?
  • What is Tallinn’s comparative international position in the field of a smart city?
  • What should Tallinn, as a local government, focus on in developing a smart city, directing business development, co-financing, etc.?
  • Based on which criteria are smart city projects selected?
  • How should the initiation and implementation of projects be organized?
  • How to ensure optimal and methodical management of innovation projects and ex-ante evaluation of results?
  • What new bold ideas could be implemented in Tallinn in the field of smart city, to promote entrepreneurship and / or increase competitiveness, and what would be the expected results?
  • How to create and ensure the capacity of Tallinn’s innovation ecosystem (incl. Testbeds, living labs, hackathons, etc.)?
  • Evaluation of pilots of ongoing and planned demonstration projects based on the new methodology – what changes need to be planned?

The analysis was based on the Giffinger (European Smart Cities) framework, which divides the smart city into six areas: smart economy, smart people, smart governance, smart mobility, smart environment, and smart living. The Giffinger framework is one of the first and most widely used definitions of a smart city in the European Union.

The analysis was conducted in the framework of Interreg Baltic Sea Region project „Smart-up BSR“. 

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